ASIST2017: Information Use Papers

Ma Cui-Chang and CaoShu-Jin - Identifying structural genre conventions across academic web document for information use

Swales model for research articles

Move 1 Establishing a territory
Move 2 Establishing a niche
Move 3 Occupying the niche

rhetorical organization patterns - disciplines, different information uses

sources for development: rhetorical objectives of the genres > linguistic clues > move analysis, writing rules genre research

academic blog post, online encyclopedia, research articles

corpus - 81 documents, 2015, Chinese documents with kw "citation analysis"

raters - interrater reliability 80-100%

Taxonomy identified and validated

q: how will you use this? will you use machine or automated clustering based on this.

q: can you elaborate on information units you found on the web or in web documents vs. formal publications.

a: main difference in how organized. also Swales is developed from written English articles.

q: mentioned Swales was developed to help train junior users, could your taxonomy help further with teaching

 

Devendra Dilip Potnis (speaker), Kanchan Deosthali, Janine Pino - Investigating barriers to using information in electronic resources: a study with e-book users

Motivation: spend money on electronic resources, but they're underused. Goal: to investicate barriers to using information in ebooks

Key findings - 60 barriers. Categories:

  • ereaders (16)
  • features of ebooks (20)
  • psychological (7), somatic(3), cognitive status (6)
  • cost
  • policies

different actors - things about the users and things about the environment, system, vendors

uses Wilson (2000)'s definition of using information - both physically accessing, as well as mental schemas and emotional responses

4 broad stages of information use- searching, managing, processing, applying information

Lots of previous studies - their main difference is how they look at use of information instead of "value".

They did a survey of LIS students (n=25) [sigh... this is a real and important topic, but sigh]

These participants also might have more insight into use of information, what's going on in libraries, etc.

Great quotes - flipping pages waiting for a page to load - breaks concentration. Not immersive. Policies don't let download. Poor text quality.

Mapped barriers to information use stages.  For example psychological barriers prevent information processing. Technical barriers prevent use of information

"due to a series of unavoidable barriers, respondents who originally intended to use ebooks for utilitarian purposes end up using this electronic resource mostly for hedonistic reasons " (pleasure reading, but not reference)

contributions - insight into adoption, why a negative perception. also if hiring a new librarian, will they have a negative attitude toward ebooks.

q: plans to go bigger with this

a: not really - so disheartening [welcome to my world] - but is planning a bigger hci study

q/comment: need to really differentiate between scholarly and leisure reading and even within scholarly, engaged with as monograph vs no drm pdf per chapter engaged on a per-chapter basis almost as a journal article

q/c: some have advanced annotation and highlighting features of which users may be unaware

Ayoung Yoon - Role of Communication in Data Reuse

Secondary use of data - not for the original purpose, and generally not by original collector of data

not a simple one-step process, transfer of knowledge, "social process" interactions and communications with other relevant parties (Martin, 2014)

who are involved, why and how)

past studies - transferring information about context of data, difficult to know what contextual information is important for unknown possible reusers, level of skills and tacit knowledge of reuser

strategies - documentation (inherently insufficient, not everything can be transferred), communication with producers (formal or informal)

38 - quantitative data reusers in social work and public health. Identified from scholarly databases using "secondary data" or "secondary analysis"

not a linear process - discovery, selecting, understanding, analyses, manuscripts

purpose of interaction communication - searching, interacting, problem solving

search is complicated - no one place to look, data may be dated, rely on established network, have a "data talk"

interaction/communication - learning process, collaboration and mentoring process, "not just access to the data but more importantly, access to people", "how to get around challenges"

problem solving - "knowing other people who were closely working with the data" "talking among ourselves" give reusers "confidence" about solving issues. Also working with data professionals and statisticians "if the problem was really me or the data"

Limitation of communication around data - have to be part of the network to have information needed to access data - peripheral and junior researchers. Unsuccessful interaction with data producers (no answers, partial answers, busy, contact person may be project manager and many not know)

communication is not always necessary for reusers - if it's well documented, known, and the reuser is experienced.

important to support this communication around data - most libraries do not deal with this but deal with mandates and sharing.

q: communication around data among reusers - not with producers - role for platform to support?

a: extended (great) - she did see that in her work. lots of discussion at conferences and within networks among reusers. OTOH, some participants hit a wall when they didn't get a response from producer and didn't have anyone else to ask next. Library is not seen in facilitating this but would be helpful if they could. Platform facilitating could be useful, too.

 

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